UK's Leading Invar 36 Stockist
City Special Metals are the UK’s leading stockist and supplier of high performance, specialist alloys including all varieties of Invar 36.
Available in many forms we can offer a bespoke solution that meets your exact requirements and specification for your Invar 36 application, be it from Plate, Bar, Sheet, Coil or Wire. With over 20 years’ experience, our team has a combined wealth of knowledge about Invar 36 and its different characteristics, so we can guarantee you will find the product that fits your requirements.
For pricing or general advice speak to CSM today on +44 (0) 1268 774 261, email email@example.com or alternatively complete the contact form below.
Our Stock Range
|Product Form||Range From||Range To|
|Invar Round Bar||4mm||500mm|
|Invar Square Bar||70mm||400mm|
|Invar Flat Bar||N/A||250mm x 250mm|
|Invar Sheet & Coil||0.025mm||3.175mm|
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Bespoke Invar 36 Products – Manufactured in the UK
Invar 36 is a nickel-iron, low expansion alloy that exhibits a near zero rate of thermal expansion and is able to maintain almost constant dimensions from cryogenic temperatures to 260°C. It has become a popular choice when it comes to composite material manufacturing.
If you’d like to read more about Invar 36’s machinability, see our in-depth insight here.
- Dimensional Stability Between -100°C & 260°C
- Durability Strong performance, toughness and resilience
- Near zero Coefficient of linear thermal expansion
- Flexibility Good workability, weldability and easy to machine
Markets & Applications
- Moulds and lay up tools for composites
- Shadow masks and frames such as: cathode ray tubes
- Radio and electronic devices such as: optical devices, echo boxes and filters for mobile
- Devices, electrical transformers and circuit breakers
- Precision equipment elements as such as: lasers, measuring and positioning devices, thermostats, precision condenser blades
- High voltage transmission lines
The Mechanical Properties
|Metallurgical Condition||Annealed, Descaled|
|Yield Strength||KSI (MPa)||38 (260) Max|
|Tensile Strength||KSI (MPa)||63 (430) Max|
|Elongation||50mm||>30% (Typical 40%)|
The Technical Specifications
|Nickel||Ni||35.5 - 36.5|
|Manganese||Mn||0.2 - 0.4|
The Physical Properties
|Co Efficient of Thermal Expansion|
|20-100°C||10-6/°C||0.8 - 1.7|
|20-200°C||10-6/°C||2.2 – 2.9|
|Modulus of Elasticity at 20°C||MPa||145000|
|Youngs / Shears Modulus||MPa||57000|
|Specific Heat at 20°C||J/g- °C||0.51|
|Thermal Conductivity at 20°C||J/cm.s.°C||0.105|
We offer a bespoke service so, if you don’t see the size or form that you require, contact us either by phone, email or our contact form below, and we will provide a solution to your requirements.
A Popular, Low Expansion Alloy
Invar 36 was discovered in 1896, by Charles Edouard Gullaume whilst working with the international Bureau of Weights and Measures. Its unique property of low and linear expansion over a wide temperature range allowed the production of effective bimetals which could be used in safety cut-off devices for gas cookers and heaters.For his work on the nickel-iron system and the discovery of Invar, Charles Edouard Guillaume was awarded a Nobel Prize for Physics early in the 20th century.
If you'd like to know more about Invar 36's history and legendary status, read our blog article: Invar - A Legend in Metals.
Invar is also known by the following trade names;
- Invar ®
- Invar 36 ®
- Pernifer 36®
- Dilaton 36®
- Nilo 36®
- Ametek 936®
- ATI 36®
- NI 36®